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Thursday, 2 August 2007



Minutes of the 69th ordinary session of the central committee
THIS is the original verbatim record of the Zanu PF central committee meeting held on March 30 at the party HQ in Harare.
The minutes were approved by the party on May 4 as the correct record of the meeting.
The President and First Secretary Cde R.G. Mugabe
Vice President and Second Secretary Cde J.T.R. Mujuru
National Chairman Cde J.L. Nkomo
Secretary for Administration Cde D.N.E. Mutasa
Secretary for Finance Cde D.I.G. Karimanzira
Secretary for Commissariat Cde E.T. Manyika
Secretary for External Relations Cde K.M. Kangai
Secretary for National Security Cde NT. Goche
Secretary for Information and Publicity Cde N.M. Shamuyarira
Secretary for Transport and Welfare Cde T.A. Mathuthu
Secretary for Legal Affairs Cde E.D. Mnangagwa
Secretary for Production and Labour Cde N.K. Ndlovu
Secretary for Economic Affairs Cde R.C. Hove
Secretary for Youth Affairs Cde A. Sikhosana
Secretary for Women's Affairs Cde O.C.Z. Muchinguri
Secretary for Education Cde S.D. Ndlovu
Secretary for Health and Child Welfare Cde ST. Sekeramayi
Secretary for Gender and Culture Cde A. Masuku
Secretary for Land Reform and Resettlement Cde I.C. M. Chombo
Secretary for Welfare of the Disabled and
Disadvantaged Persons Cde ST. Sakupwanya
Secretary for Science and Technology Cde O.N. Muchena
Cde T.R.S. Mujuru
Cde G.M. Zvinavashe
Cde T.V. Muzenda
Cde D. Dabengwa
Cde S.K. Moyo
Cde T.V. Lesabe
Cde A. Chimbudzi
Cde V. Chitepo
Deputy Secretary for Administration Cde R.N. Gumbo
Deputy Secretary for Finance Cde K.G. Patel
Deputy Secretary for Commissariat Cde R.M. Ndlovu
Deputy Secretary for External Relations Cde S.I.G. Mudenge
Deputy Secretary for Information and Publicity Cde E. Masawi
Deputy Secretary for Transport and Welfare Cde T. Savanhu
Deputy Secretary for Legal Affairs Cde K. C. Mohadi
Deputy Secretary for Women's Affairs Cde E. Sandi Moyo
Deputy Secretary for Youth League Cde S. Kasukuwere
Deputy Secretary for National Security Cde O.M. Mpofu
Deputy Secretary for Health and Child Welfare Cde D.P. Parirenyatwa
Deputy Secretary for Production and Labour Cde E. Madzongwe
Deputy Secretary - Indigenization and Empowerment Cde S.G. Nyoni
Deputy Secretary for Education Cde H. M. Murerwa
Deputy Secretary for Land Reform and Resettlement Cde D. Mavhaire
Deputy Secretary for Gender and Culture Cde C. Pote
Deputy Secretary for Science and Technology Cde E. Nyathi
Deputy Secretary for Disabled and
Disadvantaged Persons Cde J. Malinga
Committee Member Cde S.G. Mugabe
Deputy Secretary for Economic Affairs Cde S.H.S. Makoni
Cde A. Ncube CdeT. Jadagu
Cde M.I.N. Mandaba Cde A. Langa
Cde W. Abadul Khan Cde C. Chabvepi
Cde D. Dzora
Cde C. S.Moyo
Cde I.A.F. Chairuka
Cde R. Chirisa
Cde S. Mupotsa
Cde M. Tshawe Cde C. Satiya
Cde A. L. Nyathi Cde N.M. Mpofu
Cde N. Dupute Cde M. Moyo
Cde C.D. Ndlovu Cde Fidelia Maphosa
Cde D. Ndlovu Cde G. Malaba
Cde V. Ncube Cde E Ncube
Cde O. Ncube Cde A. Ncube
Cde A. Midzi Cde S. Muzenda
Cde J. Macheka Cde T. Mudariki
Cde P.U. Nyaruwata Cde P. Tungamirai
Cde V. Mwashita Muchicho Cde J. Chinotimba
Cde R. Nyandoro Cde C.Shumba Munyaka
Cde D. Manyonda Cde C. Chiradza
Cde C.F. Chizema Cde S. Marara
Cde J. Zhakata Cde L.C. Gumbura
Cde S. Thembani Cde P.M. Zvorwadza
Cde K. Kuchekwa Cde S. Chikwinya
Cde L. Bhunhu Cde M. Tome
Cde E. Chataika Cde S. Mangwende
Cde E. Mhlanga
Cde T.E. Chigudu Cde T. Zengeya
Cde J. Chidza Cde M. Nyambuya
Cde J. Made Cde M. Chimene
Cde C. Pemhenayi Cde P.A. Chinamasa
Cde C.C. Mushowe Cde A. Chatima
Cde M. Malianga Cde M.T.A. Mutezo
Cde C. Terera Cde P. Kadzima
Cde Shamido Cde W. Muomba
Cde E. Porusingazi Cde I. Mupfumi
Cde T.S. Chipanga
Cde C. Chimutengwende Cde C. Mabharanga
Cde B. Chikava Cde B. Nyemba
Cde S.M. Zinyemba Cde A. Dete
Cde W. Muchebesi Cde L.B. Chikuka
Cde E.T.C. Chininga Cde T. Rusambo
Cde A. Manyanga Cde R. Chirongwe
Cde R. Kaukonde Cde O. Nyakudanga
Cde D.E.D. Munyoro Cde C.J. Mubaiwa
Cde R. M. Zinyemba Cde I. Marize
Cde G.T. Matemachani Cde P. Chikumbirike
Cde R. Goto Cde A. Mutinhiri
Cde L. Zemura Cde C. Musa
Cde G. Mabhiza Cde R. Makoni
Cde T. Mutinhiri Cde A. Matirira
Cde L. Mushore
Cde S.C. Mumbengegwi Cde J.D. Hungwe
Cde NT. Mawema Cde Col Makova
Cde J.J. Chindanya Cde O. Maluleke
Cde Chiwewe Cde H.H. Pote
Cde T. Zvainaka Cde M.I.N. Mandava
Cde J. Jaricha Chief F. Charumbira
Cde K. Matimba Cde L. Mbiva
Cde S. Mahofa Cde A. Mudavanhu
Cde M.P. Mangwana
Cde J. Mafa Cde G. Munzvandi
Cde P. Mupfumira Cde N. Samukange
Cde James Gumbo Cde B. Tsomondo
Cde N. Jonasi Cde C. Zhuwao
Cde D. Mufunga Cde R. Gava
Cde P. Madiro Cde R. Sikanyika
Cde V. Muchenje Cde R. Marumahoko
Cde S. Makwavarara Cde V. Katyamaenza
Cde M. Chivende Cde W.K. Shamu
Cde P. Musonza Cde F. Mugangavari
Cde B. Ncube Cde Josphine Moyo
Cde L. Mbambo Cde Cain Mathema
Cde E. Sibanda Cde E. Ncube
Cde A.M. Chiyasa Cde H. Moyo
Cde M. Mahlangu Cde E. Ndlovu
Cde G. Nyathi
Cde E. Nsingo Cde A. Damasane
Cde H.Moyo Cde A. Langa
Cde R. Mpofu Cde N. Ndlovu
Cde T. Mathuthu Cde P. Moyo
Cde A. Ncube Cde M. Mbasera
Cde Machaya Cde J. Mangena
Cde C.G. Msipa Cde F. Buka
Cde J. R. Mawere Cde G.C. Mataka
Cde L. Munotengwa Cde F. Nhema
Cde A. Nyashanu Cde P.K. Shumba
Cde A. Madhalinga Cde J.M. Gumbo
Cde Hlomula Cde C. Muchengeti
Cde D. Hove Cde G.C. Mataka
Cde S.S. Mumbengegwi
Cde A.S. Rwodzi Cde M. Mutasa
Cde Marimbe Cde K.V. Manyonda
Cde C. Makacha Cde P. Zhou
Cde A. Chitima Cde D.K. Ndlovu
Cde C.M. Malipa Cde M. Chakonda
Cde R.M. Ndlovu Cde A. Nyathi
Cde K.L. Dube Cde L. Dube
Cde Njini Sibanda Cde R. Hove
Cde G. Nyathi Cde R. Mpoko
Cde J. Muzamba Cde E. Gwanzura
Cde F. Chaderopa Cde P. Mangwana
Cde P.V. Nkala Cde A.C. Nyamukacha
Cde R. Chinomona Cde M. Muranzi
Cde F. Nsingo Cde A. Manyanga
Cde J. Manyaruke Cde L. Mkandla
Cde R. M. Ndlovu Cde F. Magadu
Cde B. Ncube Cde I.L. Nyathi
Cde A. Tshabalala Cde j. Muduri
Cde E. Ncube Cde S. Mloyi
Cde N. Rashaya Cde Ellen Maphosa
Cde G. Munjeyi Cde J. Manyeruke
Cde N. Siwela
1.1 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe welcomed members to the 69th Ordinary Session of the Central Committee. He led the meeting in paying tribute in solemn recognition to all comrades who passed away since the last session.
1.2 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, noted that the session was being held against the backdrop of an onslaught on the country, the Party and its leadership, orchestrated by former colonialists. He explained that both Tony Blair and George Bush thought that Zimbabwe had reached what they termed the "tipping point" as a result of the hardships wrought by the illegal sanctions they had imposed on the country.
1.3 He noted that it was a grave mistake for them to think that the hardships caused by sanctions, dirty money and a campaign of terrorism and violence by the MDC could topple the ZANU (P.P.) Government.
1.4 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, emphasised the need to bring the Party closer to the people at this point in time, reminding members that ZANU P.F. was a people's Party whose pulse comes from the heartbeat of the people. Furthermore, he highlighted that the people had trusted the Party's clear program and commitment to defending them against the forces of imperialism.
1.5 In addition, he noted that the Party routinely goes back to the people to learn from them, ask their will and changing aspirations. He said that the people were the Party's totem and the people's wishes the Party's command.
1.6 In this regard, he declared that the ZANU P.F. way, is the way of struggle, principle, strength and purpose. He stated that the Party was resolved to defend the people's sovereignty and sustain their independence through correct policies.
1.7 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, pointed out that revolutions are strengthened by the challenges they face such as those faced by the Party during the struggle. He said that many of these were seemingly insuperable hurdles for example the split within the Party, the murder and assassination of leaders such as Leopold Takawira, Herbert Chitepo and Jason Moyo; infiltrations and periodic convulsions in the movements as well as the massive attacks on military bases that occurred during the struggle.
1.8 On this, he said that the Party had used each challenge and setback to close ranks, strengthen its resolve, defences and intensify the offensive against the enemy with each attack. This, he said had refined the Party's politics, making the goals of the revolution plainer and better articulated.
1.9 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, recalled that during the struggle for independence, the Party also planned for opportunists. On this, he recalled that some people could not withstand intense pressure and tended to attempt cheap compromises with the enemy. He pointed out that Bush and Blair do not appreciate that the rich experience of the revolution prepared ZANU P.F. for any situation, including the one the nation was currently going through.
1.10 He, however emphasized the importance of an informed and united people who have the full knowledge of their struggle and its dynamics. He recalled how an informed populace readily joined and participated in the protracted struggle for independence by either becoming soldiers of the revolution or providing shelter and protection against the enemy. He stated that the people made huge sacrifices towards the success of the revolution because the enemy was clear, the goals immediate and compelling.
1.11 The President and First Secretary, Cde R. G. Mugabe, wondered whether presently the people know and understand what the present fight with the British, the Europeans and the Americans was all about. He inquired whether the people understood why Blair was sponsoring MDC terrorism in Zimbabwe to bring about "regime change", why the Europeans had joined the British in this fight against Zimbabwe; why the French are weak-kneed on this matter and why the Nordic countries who extended humanitarian assistance to the struggle now stood against the Party.
1.12 Furthermore, he also inquired whether the people understood why America which had no colonial links with Zimbabwe would pursue such bellicose policies against the country. He wondered whether the people understood the source of their present hardships by way of shortages, rocketing prices, industrial closures and others.
1.13 Addressing the question of the Party's response to current Western machinations, the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, urged the Party to be strong and united. He said that it was integral for the Party to remain in a state of preparedness and to adopt a high sense of vigilance and militancy. He declared that the violent and terrorist acts of the MDC had to be stopped and stopped immediately. He castigated the MDC's European and American sponsors for not condemning the recent violent activities by the opposition.
1.14 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe reminded members that ZANU (P.F.) was not only the national liberator but also the one that created a democratic system, introduced one person one vote, the rule of law and respect for human rights. He added that it was ZANU (P.F.) which taught the British democracy, human rights and indeed on how to respect blacks and other non-whites as equal human beings.
1.15 Conceding that whites of both Europe and America had difficulty accepting the principle of non-racialism, the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe said that Zimbabweans were an African people with an African Government that refuses to be influenced by racial considerations. He warned the European and American Ambassadors not to meddle in the internal affairs of Zimbabwe and further called on them to adhere to the norms of the Vienna Convention.
1.16 Commenting on the 9th National People's Conference held at Goromonzi, the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, recalled that the Resolutions which had been considered but were not concluded at the Conference were referred to the Central Committee. He highlighted that the most important task of the meeting was to go through the resolutions and make the requisite amendment if any.
1.17 The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, observed that within and outside the Party, there was a lot of talk about the Resolution on the harmonisation of elections. He expressed confidence that the Central Committee meeting would discuss the issue and reach an agreed Party position.
1.18 Concluding his address, the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, discouraged the Party leadership from adopting methods of solving internal contradictions through methods which exacerbate rather than mollify existing differences between leaders. He further castigated the tendency of using the opposition press and the courts as a way of "exposing" or harming each other's integrity. He observed that some Party members were keeping the hostile press afloat by revealing Party information that should otherwise be kept secret.
1.19 Finally, the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe, reminded members that the leadership positions they occupied were an honour bestowed upon them by the people. He thus encouraged members to be upright and to avoid disgraceful acts such as illicit dealings, corruption and similar besmirching activities.
2.1 The following corrections were made to the minutes.
(a) The following members who were recorded as absent or not indicated altogether were in fact present:
Cde A. Ncube
Cde M. Chawe
Cde J. Chinotimba
Cde F. Mgadu
Cde Kadzima
Cde Maluleke
Cde P. Mangwana
Cde J.R. Mawewe
Cde T. Ganhire
(b). Under Bulawayo Province correct the spelling from "Cde Z.W. Nzimbi" to "Cde Z.W. Nsimbi" and under Midlands Province from "Cde A. Nyasha" to "Cde A. Nyashanu".
2.2 Following the above corrections, the minutes were adopted as a correct record of the proceedings of the 68th Ordinary Session of the Central Committee.of the member.
2.3 The Secretary for Administration encouraged members to enter their names in the register of attendance in the hall foyer at the beginning of each meeting. He noted that failure to do so suggests absence on the part
j) Post-mortem Report of the 9th National People's Conference3.1 The National Chairman, in his capacity a the Chairman of the Conference Co-ordinating Committee, reported that the Conference Co-ordination Committee held a postmortem meeting of the 9th National People's Conference, which was held at Goromonzi High School from 13-16 December 2006.
3.2 He highlighted that the objective of the meeting was ;
• to carryout a postmortem on the preparations
• to assess the management of the Conference, the challenges and problems faced and
• to make recommendations on how future Conferences could be improved.
3. 3 On the preparations of the Conference, the National Chairman stated that the Co-ordination Committee applauded the various sub- committees, the Mashonaland East Province and the staff for a sterling job well done. He reported that the school was repainted, a gravel road into the school was tarred, two boreholes were sunk while the broken down boreholes were repaired. In addition, the Headmaster's office was electrified and a new toilet was built. An alternative power supply line was erected and broken down transformers were repaired. Chinyika Clinic was given a face-lift, water supply was boosted and the houses were electrified.
3.4 The National Chairman noted that the Co-ordination Committee observed that Provinces were not following the provision of the Party Constitution's Article 5, Section 22, Sub Section (3) and (4) which states that:-
(3) Resolutions emanating from the constituent organs of Congress/Conference for consideration at Congress/Conference shall be forwarded to the Secretary for Administration two (2) months prior to the date of Congress/Conference.
• (4) The said resolutions shall be circulated to the said constituent organs of Congress/Conference at least fourteen days prior to the date of Congress/Conference.
3.5 On this, he reported that the Co-ordination Committee resolved to enforce the provision. He said that it was further observed that delays in the submission of resolutions have seriously affected the management of the Conference with thematic committees failing to discuss topics exhaustively. He stated that this resulted in inadequate time being left for presentations on the resolutions of the various thematic committees.
Documentation and Legal Sub-Committee3.6 The National Chairman reported that the Documentation Sub- Committee managed to prepare the Central Committee report on time albeit the mix up of pages, which were corrected overnight. He added that rapporteurs captured the proceedings and produced a Verbatim Report, which has already been circulated.
3.7 Furthermore, he reported that the Conference expenditure was as follows;
Budgeted amount for the Conference was $590 555 808.00
Actual Expenditure $650564441.48
Variance $ 60 008 633.48
Amount paid to date $504 153 244.04
Balance $14 411 197.44
Expenditure Breakdown
Actual amount $225 961 147.38
Deposit $115 758 791.50
Balance $110 202 355.88
Actual amount $81 47 185.00
Deposit $65135152.52
Balance $16112032.48
Actual amount $225 137 309.00
Deposit $218538609.00
Balance $ 6 598 700.00
Actual amount $16 851 239.00
Deposit $14699930.00
Balance $ 2 151 309.00
Actual amount $1 600 000.00
Deposit $1900000.00
Surplus $ 300 000.00
Actual amount $41 408 805.85
Deposit $42145145.00
Surplus $ 736 339.16
Information & Publicity
Actual amount $19 498 090.00
Deposit $14832977.00
Balance $ 4665 113.00
Actual amount $35 161 273.04
Deposit $27833246.80
Balance $ 7328026.24
Actual amount $3 699 392.22
Deposit $3309392.22
Balance $ 390 000.00
1. The excess expenditure over the budgeted amount was due to excess mileage and general price increases of goods and services.
2. Although the Party had budgeted for Politburo members' air travel, Air Zimbabwe donated the tickets except departure taxes.
3. The respective expenditure items were initially not taken into account during budgeting. This caused a total negative variance of $4 630 000.00 •
4. T & S for external delegates exceeded the mount budgeted for by $1 187 000.00 because ZANU PF Johannesburg Branch delegates were initially not taken into account during budgeting.
5. The Party made a saving of $9 503 355.00 on accommodation. Crown Plaza donated 5 rooms.
6. The Budget was based on 3 000 delegates. More delegates were however accredited and thus leading to the respective negative variances.
7. There was an additional cost for coal, due to oversight during budgeting
8. The price of the toilet paper doubled during budget period and the time of purchase.
9. Over expenditure of $1 200 000.00 on entertainment was due to additional groups engaged.
10. Over expenditure on Documentation was due to escalating printing costs.
11. Donations towards food- stuffs, accommodation and air tickets, contributed a lot towards the reduction of the Conference budget.
Transport and Social Welfare
3.8 The National Chairman commended the catering, accommodation and transport working committees of the Transport and Social Welfare Sub-Committee for a job well done. He reported that a total of forty-five (45) buses were made available during the Conference. Mhunga provided 6 buses and ZUPCO supplied thirty- nine (39) buses. Two executive saloon cars were hired from CMED for use by foreign delegates.
3.9 On accommodation, the National Chairman reported that VIPs and WIPs were accommodated in hotels in Harare whilst all those who have accommodation in Harare were not allocated accommodation. He noted that ZIMSUN offered five complimentary rooms at the Crown Plaza Hotel and ZESA offered accommodation and breakfast for 40 people throughout the Conference period.
3.10 Briefing on catering services, the National Chairman stated that the pledged donations of foodstuffs were honoured and only a few items were eventually bought. On this, he noted that 83 beasts were received as donations and 60 were slaughtered leaving 23. He said that these would be carried over to the next Conference as was done after the 8th National People's Conference in Esigodini.
3.11 On Organisation, he noted that the Co-ordinating Committee had recommended 3 000 delegates for the Conference but the actual number of people who attended the Conference was 4 449. 1449 non-delegates attended the Conference, 1117 of them from Harare Province alone while Mashonaland East had 260 with the rest from other provinces. The
breakdown of delegates and non-delegates, Province by Province was as follows:
Mashonaland East
Mashonaland West
Mashonaland Central
Matabeleland North
Matabeleland South
Security Personnel
Grand Total of Delegates
3.12 The National Chairman highlighted that the Co-ordinating Committee had expressed concern at the number of non-delegates who attended the Conference and appealed to Provinces to avoid bringing non-delegates to the Conferences/Congresses. He noted that the Committee recommends that thorough screening of delegates be carried out at Administration District level, before buses leave Provinces. However, the Security Sub-Committee and Harare Province attributed the large number of non-delegates, especially those from Harare, to p-ersons who were manning the exhibition stands.
3.13 In the same vein, the National Chairman stated that the Security Sub-Committee had confirmed the breakdown submitted by the Organization Sub-Committee as the total number of persons who were successfully accredited and attended the Conference. He said that the Sub-Committee had been directed not to accredit anyone without clearance from the Co-ordinating Committee in future.
3.14 He added that the Security Sub- Committee had recommended that in future, company profiles should be submitted early for vetting before exhibitors display their wares within the Conference venue.
3.15 On health matters, the National Chairman reported that the health delivery system went on well. The medical team was in three main groups namely, logistics, nursing and environmental health services. 2 796 persons were attended to at the clinics.
3.16 He added that only five cases were referred to Parirenyatwa Hospital and two were discharged back to Goromonzi. Most of the diarrhoeal cases had been reported on arrival and no cases of food poisoning were experienced.
3.17 On housing and sanitation, the National Chairman reported that all the 6 designated accommodation facilities, schools and tertiary colleges had been sprayed to control mosquitoes and all other necessary environmental health measures had been taken. All animals except game were slaughtered at CSC and inspected before delivery to kitchens.
Entertainment Sub-Committee
3.18 Turning to entertainment issues, the National Chairman reported that various groups which wanted to perform during the Conference overwhelmed the Entertainment Sub-Committee. He noted that a broad spectrum of entertainers kept delegates entertained throughout the Conference period.
3.19 Concluding the Report, the National Chairman stated that the Co- ordination Committee made the following recommendations;
* Provinces should observe Article 5, Section 22, Sub Sections (3) and (4) of the Party Constitution. »
• Heads of Departments and Ministers should not chair thematic committees under their portfolios but should answer questions raised and present reports before thematic discussions.
* Only those categories specified in the Commissariat circular to be delegates to the Conference should be invited to attend the Conference.
* There should be thorough screening of persons who will be coming to attend the Conference at Administrative District pick-up points.
* Secretarial staff and equipment to service the Conference should be increased.
• The Security and Accreditation Sub-Committee should not accredit non-delegates unless cleared by the Co-ordination Committee.
3.21 The Secretary for Commissariat reported that the Committee on the State of the Party deliberated on the various issues affecting the organization, function and strengthening of the Party. He stated that the Committee resolved the following:1) Pledged loyalty to the Party ZANU PF as led by President R.G Mugabe and the Presidium and asserted that the Unity Accord is not negotiable
2) Reaffirmed the leadership of President R.G. Mugabe as President of the Party and country. Thus, resolved that there should be no debate on succession and there are no vacancies.
3) Desirous of reducing costs and saving money for other important Party demands it was resolved that Presidential, Parliamentary and all local Government elections be harmonized and held on a single day in 2010.
4) Reaffirmed the principle of the supremacy of Party over Government to the extent that Government implement Party programmes for development.
5) To ensure a culture of professionalism in the process of serving the people and running state institutions and loyalty to the country, a need was recognized for capacity building within the structures of Government so that public servants would have in-depth knowledge of Party policies and skills to implement programmes with a common purpose. Resolved that a Party School be established as a tool of fulfilling Party objectives through Government institutions.
6) Resolved that all office bearers of the Party show proof of their commitment to the Party and its principles by serving in various graduated responsibilities for periods of not less than five years before they can be promoted to the next rank. A system for monitoring and developing such officers needs to be established.
7) Reiterated the need for the Party to create a sound financial base, which can provide adequate funds for organizational purposes and Party infrastructure development. Restructuring of the Party, building of offices as well as administration of the Party, require enormous amounts of money which have to be raised.
8) The Party must stand for the truth, justice and uprightness in the eyes of its members. Corruption, criminality and indiscipline by Party members if not dealt with effectively as it occurs, tarnish the good name and image of the Party. In this context, it was strongly recommended that Party office holders who become subjects of criminal investigations should take leave of absence or be suspended pending outcome of their court case. Indiscipline should be handled firmly but transparently.
9) Further desiring to regain and maintain support of urban workers, it was observed that the people look to Government to make available cheap and efficient modes of transport. The Party reaffirms its determination to continue to build up the public transport fleet in order to improve on the general welfare of workers and also cut on lost man - hours by workers.
10) Deplored the practice by some Government and Party Officials of making public pronouncements on issues, even on those which would not yet have been discussed and approved by appropriate authorities. Such practice erodes public confidence in Government, creates a credibility gap and damages national interests.
11) That during the candidate selection process for Party posts, emphasis must be placed on primary elections and there must be clear and transparent intra-party democracy. Consensus method is very difficult to implement.
12) Resolved that there be a deliberate policy to teach all vernacular languages and to translate the Party Constitution into local languages.
13) Observed that rural constituencies are large and unmanageable, and thus resolved to create manageable constituencies.
14) Resolved that there be affirmative action for experienced ward co-ordinators so that they are rehired even without the relevant entry qualifications.
15) The issue of war collaborators should now be finalized and vetting should start as soon as possible.16) Ex-detainees and Restrictees should have an automatic hero status and should be given a grade up or notch up in Government and parastatals.
• Central Committee Member, Cde M. Chimene proposed that the Party considers the possibility of setting up a Party enterprise to participate in the exploration of diamonds in order to boost the Party's finances. She also recommended sterner action, including suspension pending investigations, against Party and Government officials accused of involving themselves in corrupt activities as their actions tarnish the image of the Party.
• Members' comments were generally in support of the resolutions as read.
• The President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe recommended that any comments be made after all the resolutions have been read.
3.22 The Secretary for Land Reform and Resettlement presented the report of the Committee on Land Reform and Resettlement as follows:
1) A1 self-contained settlements should be turned into A2 small-scale farms so that they can be given 99- year leases.
2) Farm invasions should stop.
3) Re-planning of A1 farms, which displace A1 settlers with A2 settlers without alternative land for the A1s should be discouraged. The re-planning should first get approval by the Minister of Lands, Land Reform and Resettlement.
4) Ex- farm workers should not stay in compounds on farms where they are refusing to work.
5) White farmers with mature eviction orders should go to allow new settlers to come in.
6) There is need for the harmonization of 25-year leases in conservancies and wildlife farming areas with the 99-year leases for agriculture.
7) Policy on plantations and the issue ofBlPA should be finalized.
8) Cases of multiple farm ownerships and sub-letting should not be allowed.
9) Representation in Land Committees should be revisited to cater for women, youth, the disabled, war collaborators, ex detainees and restrictees.
10) All under utilized land should be repossessed and reallocated to deserving applicants.
11) Peri-urban land allocations should be speeded up. .
12) Women, youth and the disabled should be seriously considered in the allocation of land in provinces.
13) Issuance of offer letters to people on the ground should be speeded up.
14) Land occupiers on unlisted and de-listed properties must be moved out and be allocated land elsewhere so that they can settle down and continue their farming activities.
1) There is urgent need for the capacitation of ARDA, DDF and Operation Maguta/lnala by injecting new tractors and complementary equipment to replace an ageing fleet and to increase the existing fleet.
2) Inputs must be made available on time and distributed at local levels (wards) for easy access by farmers.
3) Agricultural extension services to be capacitated to provide farming skills to A1 and to some extent A2 and related services in order to boost farm production.
4) Agricultural infrastructure such as dams, roads, bams, irrigation schemes to be revamped in order to provide efficient services to the farmers.
5) Pricing policies must provide an incentive for farmers.
6) Farmers should be paid soon after delivery of their produce.
7) Fuel allocation should be availed to all farmers irrespective of farm sizes.
8) More funds should be set aside to construct irrigation facilities on existing dams especially in dry areas.
9) There should be heavy punishment for those who steal/destroy agricultural infrastructure such as barns, irrigation equipment, etc
10) There should be a single chain of command for Maguta/ Inala programme.
11) The existing tractor fleet is too old and also needs accompanying equipment such as ploughs, disc harrows and planters.
12) There is need to support Mkwasine sugar cane farmers otherwise they will go out of production
13) Women and youth and the disabled should be considered in any agricultural equipment allocation.
14) Tobacco farmers have not yet seen the benefit of 15% retention scheme by way of inputs and equipment.
15) Processing of farmer's loan applications by Agribank should be expedited. .Government should increase support for livestock production just like what is done to grains and tobacco
16) Zunde Ramambo needs more support and should be a complete package that is, include seed, fertilizers and land tillage.
17) There is need for Agricultural agencies to have a co-coordinated approach in the provision of services to farmers.
18) Government should encourage agro-based micro projects such as beef canning and dairy processing.
19) There is need to restructure ARDA in order to make it viable and responsive to the needs of farmers so as to compliment the Agrarian Reform Programme.
20) Government must allow farmers to comprehensively use the duty free facility to import farming machinery.
21) Deterrent measures must be imposed against anyone who degrades the environment.
22) Government should speed up the completion of all dams under construction to provide water for irrigation programmes.
23) Consideration in the allocation of land must not exclude the participation of the youths and the disabled. It is proposed that the remaining farms in all the ten provinces should benefit this sector.
• Central Committee Member, Cde Mutomba expressed concern at the persistent failure to avail inputs, particularly fertilizer in good time and recommended that local companies involved in the manufacture of fertilizer be assisted to acquire the necessary foreign currency to keep their machines running.
3.23 The Secretary for Economic Affairs reported that the resolutions of the Committee on the State of the Economy were as follows:1) Government should establish an efficient distribution network for fuel.
2) Government should consider the introduction of price controls on selected basic commodities and encourage large-scale production of essential goods in an effort to fight monopolies.
3) Government should stop announcing salaries of civil servants as this triggers price increases in an environment of limited supplies.
4) Strategic institutions, parastatals and local authorities should be headed by patriotic Zimbabweans to avoid sabotage of Government programs and initiatives.
5) Government must put in place incentives to Zimbabweans in the Diaspora to invest in the productive sector of the economy as opposed to consumption e.g. Vehicles.
6) Government must support the establishment of specific industries in provinces influenced /determined by the availability of raw materials in the provinces and districts.
7) Acknowledging the scarcity of the foreign currency in the economy, the Committee recommends effective prioritization of usage of foreign exchange, focusing more on critical requirements of the economy.
8) Government must put in place policies that encourage the use of cheques and plastic money in an effort to minimize black markets, which is normally transacted in cash.
9) Given the expanded technical skills requirement driven by expanded agricultural expansion Government must promote policies that encourage development of skills e.g. Artisans.
10) Government must promote a viable exchange rate policy that ensures that Exporters are well compensated for their efforts, whilst at the same time avoiding the temptation of chasing the parallel markets.
11) Parastatals must be monitored to ensure effective use of limited resources.
12) Government should consider the implications of the 2010 Soccer World Cup in neighbouring South Africa on economic and political events in the country e.g. the impact of elections on tourism.
13) To protect the integrity of the Central Bank, the RBZ should streamline its involvement in the procurement of commodities as it risks placing its good name into disrepute.
14) Government should revamp the Rural Electrification Authority and ensure expanded Jatropha Farming to alleviate fuel shortage.
15) The Committee recommended timely delivery of inputs to farmers, supported by the development of local production capacity in the fertilizer and agrochemicals industry.
16) SEDCO must be adequately capitalized to promote empowerment and indigenisation.
17) The country should promote fuel exploration by friendly countries.
18) The Committee recommends policies that promote access to banking services in rural areas as a way of encouraging savings and mobilizing resources.
19) The Government should introduce severe deterrent penalties to offenders and the law must include full restitution to victims of economic crimes.
20) Foreign currency leakages in the tourism, mining and other export sectors must be stopped.
21) Government should promote the establishment of an efficient marketing and distribution mechanism that ensures that growers are not short-changed.
22) The anti monopolies thrust must be strengthened by encouraging the existence of multiple players in the production of basic commodities.
23) Government must address the problems caused by all business entities that hold the country at ransom by creating artificial food shortages and unjustified price hikes. Government should focus on the supply side rather than the pricing side.
• Central Committee Member, Cde J. Chinotimba expressed concern at the continuing escalation of prices of basic commodities to which the Vice President and Second Secretary, Cde J. W. Msika (now chairing after the President and First Secretary, Cde R.G. Mugabe had left the hall) responded by assuring members that the leadership was doing everything possible to bring the situation under control.
3.24 The Secretary for Transport and Social Welfare reported that the resolutions of the Committee on Social Services were as follows:
The Ministry of Transport and Communications should undertake the following:
1) Minimize transport problems in the rural areas by improving the road network system.
2) Procure additional buses.
3) Re-capitalise the railway network and Air Zimbabwe.
4) Improve the operational efficiency of RMS, CMED, CAAZ, Road Motor Transport Services and VID.
5) Ensure that gazetted transport fares are enforced in order to curb overcharging and inconsistency.The Ministry of Education, Sport and Culture should:
6) Review salaries and allowances for all civil servants from time to time to be in line with cost of living.
7) Fully fund all students in all Government tertiary institutions.
8) Make clear-cut pronouncements on the policy of Adult Literacy Education programme and the plight of the District Literacy Coordinators in the new set up.
9) Ensure effective implementation of the appointment procedures of District Literacy Coordinators.
10) For purposes of effective supervision, there should be a physical decentralization of District Education Offices nation-wide.
11) The Ministry of Health and Child Welfare should continue to improve conditions of service to all health personnel in order to curb the current brain drain.
12) Retirement age for health personnel should be open-ended.
13) Government should fund the development of traditional medicine in Zimbabwe and support the research programmes into traditional medicines and programmes.
14) Given the devastating HIV and AIDS problem, where possible employed married couples should be employed in the same station.
15) The Ministry of Local Government, Public Works and Urban Development should ensure they have adequate funds for development of off-site infrastructure systems.
16) The Ministry of Public Service, Labour and Social Welfare should ensure that the allowances, grants and pensions for War Veterans, Widows and Orphaned children are regularly reviewed to be in line with the rate of inflation.
17) The Party should take a keen interest in the selection, appointment, and promotion of senior civil servants in Parastatals and Government, so as to avoid taking on- board those persons who are not politically correct.
• The Vice President and Second Secretary, Cde J. W. Msika asked the Secretary for Land Reform and Resettlement in his capacity as Minister of Local Government, National Housing and Urban Development to comment on matters relevant to his Ministry.
• The Deputy Secretary for Land Reform and Resettlement explained that ZUPCO was traditionally a provider of urban transport. However, when rural transport operators failed to service rural areas adequately, ZUPCO was requested to assist. He highlighted that the shortage of buses had led to a decline in the services. He, however, stated the ongoing refurbishment of bus would result in better service provision by the company.
• The Minister of Transport and Communications also explained that summer rains had seriously damaged the rural road network. He said that of the $700m budget funds requested, only $70m was awarded which amount was inadequate given the very high cost of tarring roads.
• He, however, highlighted that the Ministry was now trying to raise funds from new number plates and Toll Access Roads at border posts.
3.25 The Secretary for Science and Technology reported that the resolutions of the Committee on Science and Technology were as follows,1) The fiscal and monetary authorities should put in place appropriate mechanisms to ensure that at least 1% of the GDP is devoted to Science Technology Innovation (STI).
The Committee noted the need to;
2) Strengthen the national system of innovation through the establishment of requisite legislative, regulatory, institutional and financial frameworks.
3) Develop an awareness program on Science Technology Innovation (STI) to create a science culture in the nation.
4) Fast track the Rural Electrification Programme so that ail schools are computerized by 2010,
5) Provide laboratory equipment for all rural secondary schools by 2010.
6) Develop centers of excellence that identify Science talent throughout the country, starting with Lupane State University being declared an import substitution zone with a curriculum that specializes in petro- chemical studies, research and development and accordingly be equipped to achieve such competencies based on the presence of coal bed methane gas in that province.
7) Retain science and technology skills through attractive remuneration and retention packages.
8) Roll out a comprehensive Jatropha production programme with specific national, provincial and district targets to be achieved.
9) Support innovation through an Innovation and Commercialization Fund.
10) Develop a programme for identifying and diffusing appropriate technologies for use in value addition at household, micro levels and Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) levels.
3.26 The Secretary for National Security reported that the resolutions of the Committee on National Security were as follows :1) Having noted apparent inadequacies in the requisite knowledge and skills amongst party security personnel in the discharge of their duties, the Committee resolved to recommend that appropriate security training at all party organisation levels be carried out as a matter of urgency so as fo enhance the capabilities of the party security department.
2) The Committee resolved to recommend that adequate resources in terms of office accommodation and equipment, transport and communication be given to the security department to enhance its efficiency and effectiveness.
3) Vote Buying: A Security Threat to the Party
The Committee noted with grave concern at the rampant practice of vote buying within the party and that this practice has now become a security threat as it exposes the party to infiltration by hostile monied elements. The Committee therefore resolved to recommend that punitive action be taken against the culprits.
4) The Committee expressed deep concern at the increase in cases of leakage of information pertaining to Politburo and Central Committee proceedings to both the print and electronic media and therefore resolved to recommend that urgent and decisive steps be taken to redress the situation.
5) Having noted that some provinces call for top five meetings, a practice that effectively excludes the security department, the Committee resolved to recommend that the security department be included at such meetings.
6) Having noted an increase in cases of indiscipline within the party, the committee resolved to recommend that all new people seeking membership in the party should be thoroughly vetted before being accepted.
• In respect of Resolution number 4, the National Chairman wanted to know what the Sub-Committee on Security meant by "urgent and decisive steps be taken to redress the situation" to which Cde Goche explained that the Committee wanted the relevant Party organ to look into the problem.
3.27 The Secretary for Information and Publicity reported that the resolutions of the Committee on Information and Publicity were as follows;1) The status of the Department must be incorporated into the top six of the Party and that the Department be mainstreamed from the national, provincial, district and cell levels, to ensure timeous dissemination of information to the grassroots;
2) There should be integration of officials of the Ministry of Information and Publicity and the Party, particularly in the rural areas to ensure timeous and consistent dissemination of information;
3) The Ministry of Finance must expedite the provision of funds to the Ministry of Information in order to ensure that there is reception for television and radio in remote areas, following up to the resolution made during the Conference in Esigodini.
4) The Party should assist the Secretaries of Information and Publicity to acquire cell phone lines to enhance communication and information dissemination.
5) More workshops and seminars should be conducted for Secretaries of Information and Publicity for purposes of induction and capacity building.


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SW Radio Africa Transcript
Hot Seat transcript: Topper Whitehead on how Mugabe rigged 2002 Presidential Election
Broadcast 30 July 2007

Elections are expected next year and already complaints of irregularities are beginning to emerge. Last week an opposition official was arrested for taking pictures of chaos at a voter registration center in Harare . The opposition and independent electoral bodies have criticized the way the registration exercise has been conducted and it is feared that the slow pace and inadequate publicity given to this exercise will exclude many people from voting. This is one of the ways that elections are rigged in Zimbabwe .

Violet Gonda: My guest on the programme Hot Seat is Topper Whitehead, an elections expert. He was illegally deported from Zimbabwe in 2006 after exposing how the Mugabe government had blatantly rigged the 2002 presidential election and subsequent elections. His investigations took 3 years, 7 court cases and 2 situations of contempt of court on behalf of the Registrar General Tobiawa Mudede. In 2005 and 2006, state security agents confiscated equipment designed for the first time, to expose how the 2002 presidential election was rigged. Although he lives in exile in South Africa Topper is a key witness in the 2002 Presidential challenge with a detailed affidavit in the high court proving the rigging.

Violet: Welcome on the programme Topper.

Topper Whitehead: Good Afternoon, it's afternoon time here.

Violet: Now, you were deported at gun-point on the 13 th June last year. What reason did they give for expelling you?

Topper Whitehead: Well, the reasons were; the verbal reasons were; that I was no longer a Zimbabwe citizen, which is completely absurd because I was born in Zimbabwe , my mother was born in Zimbabwe and my grandmother. And, I had done what was necessary in terms of renouncing any connections with South Africa earlier and Mudede (Registrar General) said that I hadn't done that and I was no longer a citizen.

Violet: And, what do you think was the motive behind that. Do you think that it had anything to do with the work you did on the voters roll and rigging methods used by the Registrar General to foster Mugabe's interests?

Topper Whitehead: Oh absolutely, and, coming back to just after the Presidential elections, I was a key witness in the initial affidavit and from then on I had tirelessly tried to expose how the election was rigged. And, it took us a long time; many, many court cases, a lot of harassment, and eventually, we managed to get access to the voting residue in the High Court, and, I did a lot of work there and they knew what I was doing. For example, I was working in the High Court going through the residue and I had 18 young men and women helping me to sift through all the data and we had up to 38 CIO operatives watching us while we were doing this, I mean there was more than one on one.

Violet: Were you doing this manually or …? This is the voters roll we are talking about?

Topper Whitehead: Well, no, this is the voters roll which was marked off in terms of how they do it in the election. So, we had the voters' rolls that were actually used at the Presidential election and we were going through that manually, taking the data off it manually and then converting that into electronically so that I could use my database to pinpoint the anomalies.

Violet: Was this voter's roll available to all contesting political parties?

Topper Whitehead: No never ever, OK. We never got the voters roll and after persistently trying to obtain the roll we didn't do it. It was only after all these court cases that we were then allowed access; under very strict control in the High Court to look at the voting residue, of which the voters roll is one of them. Now, I had to then convert that back into digital format to be able to analyse it.

Violet: But how did you manage to get it when the political parties were not able to, are you able to tell us?

Topper Whitehead: No we got access to it through the High Court and I was then acting on behalf of the political party, the MDC. I was their agent as it were, doing the work for them on their behalf.

Violet: And what about the anomalies, what sort of evidence did you have, or did you see to be able to show that the election had been rigged? We are talking about the 2002 presidential election.

Topper Whitehead: Well, just to go back a little bit, straight after the 2002 election I managed to personally purchase four voters rolls, OK. That were allegedly used; that was the Presidential roll; before Mudede clamped down and said 'no,' we couldn't buy any more. And then, it took us another seven court cases to get access to the residue, of which, the voters roll is a main constituent. And then, having got that through the MDC, I was tasked with the task of going through the residue and trying to pinpoint the anomalies that everybody knew that it was rigged, and I was trying to prove it.

Violet: And so what were your findings?

Topper Whitehead: Well, the findings were horrific and we submitted a report, which is technically still sub judice . It was a 150page report with more than 1000 photo capstated copies of the evidence that we managed to get from the voting residue. And, the bottom line is unequivocally conclusive, that if we extrapolate - bearing in mind that we spent a lot of time as it was all manual. What we managed to do was to do a complete study on 12 constituencies. There are 120 constituencies in Zimbabwe at the time so we did 10%. Now if we extrapolate our findings, it is absolutely clear that there was more than half a million illegal votes.

Violet: In the 12 constituencies?

Topper Whitehead: If we extrapolate that up, there was more than half a million over the 120 constituencies, which would then give Morgan Tsvangirai a clear lead in the Presidential elections.

Violet: Can you still remember what the margin was when the results were announced?

Topper Whitehead: Well, the official margin that came out from Mudede was that Morgan Tsvangirai lost by more than four hundred and something odd thousand votes. And, we believe that there was; conservatively; half a million, five hundred thousand votes that were fraudulent. And that doesn't exclude the tens of thousands or even hundreds of thousands of voters within the urban areas that were denied the vote because they couldn't get there in time and that constituted the third day. Even then, there were people turned away because of lack of time.

Violet: But how can you prove this? Can you give us more details on how you came up with these statistics?

Topper Whitehead: Well, if we can take, for example, the constituency of Chimanimani. Now Chimanimani was a very sensitive constituency because the candidate there was Roy Bennett, OK? Roy Bennett, we all know his history, having been ZANU PF and crossed the floor. He was number one hated person on Mugabe's list. So, we looked at his constituency and we found that there were absolutely horrific figures. It's all in the report, but there were more than 1 700 people in that constituency who voted more than once. Now, I can't tell you who they voted for, but the fact that there are more than 1 700 people voting more than once, and that I can prove by going through the residue. I can show from the voters' rolls that were used by the Registrar at any election that on this roll, that person has been struck off - that means he's voted. On another roll in a different polling station he was also struck off and another roll in another polling station also.

Violet: Were there ghost voters?

Topper Whitehead: I can't tell you whether there were ghost voters because we didn't have that means to find out whether there were ghost voters, but, in certain instances, we picked up a voter who had voted, OK, from the record, but yet he is known to have died. So, therefore, you can say that that person was a ghost voter. And, we can prove that by going and saying this person was struck off, and he died, there's his death certificate, he died well before the election.

Violet: But he voted after he had died?

Topper Whitehead: He is recorded as having voted.

Violet: Did you have many cases of that?

Topper Whitehead: Well, those are very difficult to identify because we don't have a complete list of all deceased people, but, there were a number that we actually managed to identify because of that. So, the answer to the question is there weren't many that we could find, but, we know that there were because – but, we couldn't find them. It's like finding a needle in a haystack.

Violet: In one of your reports you said that in one of the areas that you investigated, you took names and addresses of those proved to have voted more than once and you actually visited their areas, where you found that 87% of those checked were staunch ZANU PF office bearers in their respective constituencies. Can you explain?

Topper Whitehead: Yes, what we did there, those people that we can prove unequivocally that they voted more than once, we then took their name and ID number, and their address from the voters roll. We did a follow up, a ground search, going back to the constituency, making enquiries to find out who these people were, OK? And, as you say, in over 87% of the cases that we were able to get information on, they were known to be staunch ZANU PF office bearers or supporters. In fact, some of them were even members, not members, district office bearers.

Violet: Can you give examples of some of the areas where you found these anomalies?

Topper Whitehead: Well, I don't have all those records. Remember that the report is a 150-page report and it's attached to more than a thousand pages of that sort of evidence where we have the name and ID number of them. I've got all that on a computer data base which I have copies of and that's what was confiscated from me, and, when it was given back it had been completely destroyed, but, I had copies outside. So the actual examples that I have now are attached to the report, but they are absolutely definite. And, this is one of the reasons why I'm so anxious to get to court so that we can get to court - so that we can expose it.

Violet: Can you still get your evidence to court?

Topper Whitehead: I've got all the evidence, yes. If we could get to court, OK, if we could get to court it would be as clear as daylight. I would be able to show the Judge, or the panel of Judges, or the jury or whatever, OK, that this, there, all filed, referenced, this is what happened there, this is the name of the person, he voted at such and such a polling station and was recorded at such and such a polling station and recorded as voting at another polling station. I can't tell you the time but it's recorded, and I can't tell you who he voted for, but, the fact that he voted more than once is absolutely clear.

Violet: So what is holding you up and what has happened to the other election petitions?

Topper Whitehead: Well, the hold up is; a) the first thing they did, they came and took all my evidence away and destroyed it, it's computer evidence but I had a copy in Jo'burg and I had another copy in London, right? So, I managed to get my, the proof back. And, the other is the judicial system, right? We cannot get to court. I mean it took us; it took us a mandamus to get the first stage done, OK? And, from there -

Violet: That was in 2002?

Topper Whitehead: No, in 2003 is the first time we managed to get to court, and the Judge heard Part One. Then, from that, we've been trying to get back to court. And court cases cost a lot of money and we can't get in there, so the recommendations of the report said the Supreme Court must, without delay, hear the appeal against the Justice Hlatswayo's dismissal of the first part, I mean he dismissed it; there was no reason for that. He gave obscure reasons. And his final judgment handed down on the 28th November 2005 . The First Part had been argued two years previously, in November 2003, that was the first time we managed to get to court. Now, we've got all this evidence and we can't get back to court; a) because I am the key witness, I have all the information and I've been deported, right? That was the reason why they deported me; I'm absolutely convinced of it; that they wanted me out of the way because they deported me completely illegally.

Violet: And, I understand you also had video footage showing how potential voters were denied the opportunity to vote and that the government denied that there had been long queues but you went on a helicopter trip around the polling stations, together with the Justice Minister, Patrick Chinamasa. Can you tell us more about this?

Topper Whitehead: Ya, what happened there, during day two of the Presidential election it became evident that people; particularly in the urban areas; were not going to be able to vote because of long queues. So an application was made through the lawyers, BryantElliott being the forerunner in it, and, the Judge at the time said 'let's go and see that your case is valid. This is when an application was to allow for an additional voting day was applied for. And, part of that investigation was two army helicopters took the Judge, I forget who he was, Patrick Chinamasa, up, myself, Bryant Elliott and a ZESN observer to go and observe these. And, at the first polling station we came to, which was Highlands School , there were huge queues of people waiting. Now, this was late on the Sunday and as we landed, we said 'right, there we are, these are the queues of people that are trying to vote'. And, that is when (Minister) Chinamasa said 'no, no, these aren't queues for voting, these are people come to watch the helicopters' which was an absolutely ridiculous and absurd statement.
And then we went on to another six or seven polling stations; I've got the film of it all; which will be used in the court case, showing these unprecedented queues of people trying to vote. And then, at the end of the voting they were chased away. Tear gas was used at a number of polling stations, they were chased away. Our application to have a third day was granted but some of the polling stations only opened at 10.00 or 11.00 o'clock , OK? Again; because its state controlled; very slow and, at the end of that day then there were still huge queues of people trying to vote that were never allowed to vote. And, if we take those statistics, within Harare , the actual end of the day only had a turn out of 47% voting, actual, that voted. You take an urban area, I mean, a rural area such as UMP (Uzumba Maramba Pfungwa). UMP had a voting of 89%. You know, it's absurd, over two days, the numbers just don't add up. So that's when we went back and we looked at the voting residue and we found that in UMP, for example, there were 2 700 additional voters that shouldn't have been there. Whereas, in the urban areas, particularly in Harare , the people didn't get that chance.

Violet: Right, so what about what is happening now? You know, elections are expected next year and Opposition Leader, Morgan Tsvangirai said, on this programme, that a new electoral management system, you know, will ensure that the vote is free and fair. With what you have seen in the past, do you agree with this?

Topper Whitehead: Absolutely, absolutely. The reason for doing all this work is to expose the misdemeanors and the fraud of the past. So, if we could get to court we would expose that and then it would be blatantly clear for anybody; South Africa , Mbeki, anybody, to see that there has to be an overhaul of the system. Tobaiwa Mudede has control of a very important function and, I'm quite categoric that he abuses his position to favour his master. And, that's why there has to be an overhaul. And, any person who goes to another election under the same rules as they are at present, and with Tobaiwa Mudede in control of the electoral system, because basically he's the one who's in control, forget about the Electoral Supervisory Commission and everything; they are just toothless bulldogs; the person who controls it is Mudede. And, to go to an election under those rules is just being, taking a lamb to the slaughter table.

Violet: But what about the time factor? You know, as you mentioned before that election petitions take a long time to be determined.

Topper Whitehead: Well, this is the problem. It's now five years after the petition was lodged and it's still sitting on the court's desk because the judiciary is biased and has no interest in bringing it to court. And, if Robert Mugabe had any knowledge or any conviction that he had won it, he would be pressing it and saying 'right, come to court and let's sort it out' OK? But, he's the one who's delaying it because he knows he's guilty.

Violet: And you know, your investigations into how Mugabe rigged the elections, do they also look into the issues of free media, freedom of association or freedom of assembly or it was just -

Topper Whitehead: Negative. You know, those are subjective aspects. And, how they influence the vote you cannot quantify that. We all know that it is a factor but whether it's 10%, 5%, 100% you cannot say. What I have done is absolute categoric proof, you cannot dispute it, you cannot deny it any way. I've got the name of such and such a man, his ID number, he voted at this polling station, he also voted at that polling station. What I'm talking of is absolute unequivocal proof, not the subjective issues like intimidation, voting access, media access and all that. Those add on to this, alright?

Violet: And so, do you think the MDC should participate in elections next year which, as you said before, are already pre-determined?

Topper Whitehead: Negative. They cannot go to the polls under the current electoral rules and particularly with Tobaiwa Mudede in control, because, they will lose, because he is a past master at proving it. Let me get to court and call, bring up my evidence. There is no judge, not even the most biased judge that Mugabe has on his bench, would be able to dispute the facts that I have got. There is no judge, no-one, not even the most biased judge, that is why they cannot afford to go to court, alright? Everybody knows that it is rigged, even Mugabe himself knows. But, I can prove it.
Once I can prove it to SADC or anybody who is in this process of trying to solve this mess that has such a terrible humanitarian ripple effect, convince them that it is necessary to re-vamp the system so that a free and fair election can be held. At the moment, they believe that elections are free and fair, because nobody has proved it. Everybody knows it but have no proof. I've got the proof. The absolute need to control power by Mugabe has led to this absolute manipulation of the voters system, and that is denying everybody their democratic right. All he wants is power, and, he knows that he has to remain power because without that power, he's going to go to jail for the other atrocities that he's committed and allowed to have been committed.

Violet: And Topper I understand that this is not the first time that you have exposed irregularities in the government? I understand that you once worked for the government in the early '90's where you were appointed by the government as Managing Director of a mining parastatal. Can you tell our listeners why you resigned?

Topper Whitehead: Well yes. I was appointed by Mugabe as the President of the state, which was necessary, as Managing Director of Mhangura Copper Mines. Now, Mhangura Mines at the time was the biggest copper mine in Zimbabwe and it had all the copper smelting facilities. So, it was a big organization. I was appointed, with the approval of the President, as Managing Director of Mhangura Copper Mines. I had not been there very long and, when I started to see huge stripping of assets is the word that people use now. And, the then Secretary for Industry; Commerce and Industry was Chris Ushemekunze, and Chris Ushemekunze was also Chairman of ZMDC; Zimbabwe Mining Development Corporation.

Violet: Chris Ushewekunze?

Topper Whitehead: Chris Ushewekunze, ya.So, technically, I was working under Chris Ushewekunze, even though he was the Secretary for Commerce and Industry, I think it was, but he was also Chairman of ZMDC of which MhanguraCopper Mines was a major part of ZMDC. And, we started working together and we saw the strippings of assets - of a state resource OK. We had been working on it for about three or four months when suddenly Ushewekunze was killed in a road accident. He had an accident with an Army truck. Now, it's common knowledge that that was because he was getting too big for his boots. The day after he was, um assassinated, as I call it, or he had his untimely death with an Army truck, the day after that, CIO operatives visited me and they said, and almost the exact words were 'Chris Ushewekunze is dead if you don't drop this investigation of yours, you will be dead as well', and they left me at that. I lay low for quite some time after that thinking, 'you know, what's the good of dying for whatever'. But, it was a stark reminder. Then, when the MDC came to, to… and then I resigned, I then resigned from Mhangura Copper Mines and I wrote a letter saying that 'I'm not going to be party to any of this asset stripping and mis-management' so I resigned'.

Violet : Did you know who was behind this huge stripping of assets?

Topper Whitehead: Well, it all went down the line, you know. Its part of how the copper is a valuable commodity. Where it goes down the line, I can give you all, that was a long time ago, I've got all my notes on that I put to bed when Chris was killed. It was just going that I know, as Manager of a big parastatal, that the government influence on corporations that is not in the best interests of the company. And it's for personal gain up the line. Where it actually goes to, I wouldn't know, but it's certainly not to where it should go.

Violet : Right.

Topper Whitehead: And, the proof is there, Mhangura Copper Mines is now defunct.

Violet Gonda : Unfortunately I have to end here but perhaps we will call at a later time and discuss some more about this other aspect.

Topper Whitehead: Ya, we can do that.

Violet Gonda: Thank you very much.

Topper Whitehead: Thank you Violet, OK, bye.


Wednesday, 1 August 2007

Escaping Zimbabwe under barbed wire!!!



Africa correspondent

Updated: 09:49, Tuesday July 31, 2007
Click on video and double-click to enlarge!!!!!

Vigilantes have launched their own campaign to stop thousands of impoverished Zimbabweans crossing the border illegally into South Africa.

Escaping Zimbabwe under barbed wire 
The influx is fuelled by poverty and desperation.
But some in South Africa are so alarmed by their government's apparent failure to prevent the wave of illegal immigration that they are taking action themselves.
Sky News joined a group of white farmers as they patrolled the border between Africa's richest nation - and a country on the brink of collapse.
The men, who are using vehicles designed for game hunting to track down illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe, are the self declared enforcers of South Africa's immigration laws.
"They are coming into our land, breaking our fences and killing our animals, we can't afford it, and the security forces are doing nothing so we have to act," Andre Nienaber told me.
It's not long before they identify their first prey. A group of about eight men and women are wandering by the roadside, they scatter as soon as the farmers stop to question them, and the white men jump out of their pick up trucks to give chase.
The men are too fast for them, but they corner one of the women.  She looks terrified as they drive one of the trucks towards her, pinning her against a fence.


Her hands are bound with a plastic tie and, together with her friend she's loaded into the back of the pick up. One of the farmers warns them not to try to run away again: "If you do there'll be trouble," he said.
As the hunt goes on the women, crouching on the floor of the truck, tell me they had come to South Africa to try to find work so they can support their children back home in Zimbabwe.
"I have four children and she has two," Fungai Makoni said.
Further down the road, the farmers spot another group.  This time they meekly climb into the back of another pick up, without even attempting to escape. They had been walking for two days.
"We had to leave", Tacaran Mkundele said, his exhaustion obvious. "In Zimbabwe we cannot survive.  The bread costs 55 thousand bucks."
Inflation is now close to 5 thousand per cent in Zimbabwe, fuelling the rush over the border. The farmers are collecting scores of Zimbabweans every day and no one seems to question their authority - even when they demand to see the identification of some black South Africans who just happen to be walking near the border.
Escapees are rounded up by civilians
Escapees are rounded up by civilians
"What would you say to those people who say you're just a bunch of vigilantes?" I asked Gideon Meiring, the leader of the farmers' patrol.
"No one dares say that", he told me leaning against a pick up truck full of his passive captives. "If they are honest people should get down on their knees and thank us."
The police, accused by the farmers of doing little to stem the flood of illegal Zimbabweans, seem to have little choice but to co-operate with the operation.
They collect the captives and take them to holding centres ready for deportation.
Among them we found Joas Mande, 61. Like the others, his hands were bound and his eyes reflected the despair of a father who would be returning to his family empty handed.
"I have two sons who want to go to University," he told me. "Now there will be no-one to support them. I have failed."
Most of the Zimbabweans said the situation in their homeland was so bad that they had no choice but to try to sneak into South Africa again.
But the farmers will be looking for them. South Africa is already home to an estimated three million illegal immigrants from Zimbabwe and they say the country has to put its own interests first.